World of Fiction in the film Raya and the Last Dragon

Raya and the Last Dragon is a Princess Disney film whose world is inspired by Southeast Asia. For this film, Walt Disney Animation Studios created a universe called Kumandra.

The name Kumandra is made from Sanskrit. In the film Raya and the Last Dragon, Kumandra was a kingdom that was united in peace. Humans live side by side with the dragons who provide water, rain and peace.

Then came Druun, an evil plague depicted in the form of purple-black smoke spreading across Kumandra. Everything Druun touched turned to stone. The Dragons fight to protect Kumandra. The dragon witness Sisu creates a Dragon Jewel that contains magical powers to repel Druun.

All the humans who turned into stone returned to normal, except for the Dragons. Since then Kumandra has been divided into five distinct areas:


The Spine or Dragon's spine is said to be in a cold, snowy mountain area. The place is quite isolated and after the Druun attacked the area became even more mysterious. In Kumandra's world, Spine is shown as having many black bamboo trees with red leaves.


Kumandra is an area in the form of a dragon body that flows rivers from end to end. The heart, as the name suggests, is at the heart of the dragon in Kumandra's map.

Heart is said to be a magical area full of rocks that form natural formations to protect the Dragon Jewel. In creating the Heart in Raya and the Last Dragon area, Walt Disney Animation Studios was inspired by the rocks in Ha Long Bay, Vietnam, and also the longest Mekong River in Southeast Asia.

The location where the Permata Naga is stored in this film is inspired by the Borobudur Temple, Angkor Wat, and Bayon.


The Talon area or Cakar Naga, is in the middle of Kumandra. Consisting of many tributaries, the Talon area is inspired by floating markets on the Mekong River, Vietnam, and the numerous night markets from Thailand to Laus. Talon is the center of buying and selling in Kumandra, performing through night market shots with foods that are familiar to Indonesian audiences.


The tail is the arid and dry end of Kumandra. Here the rivers reach their end and the water runs thinner. The Tail area is inspired by the deserts typical of Western films. Made very arid to describe loneliness, loneliness, and despair.

The houses here are made of wood and bamboo. Inside their houses are giant spoon and fork hangers inspired by Filipino customs.


Fang or fangs are the most elite area in Kumandra. After the Druun attacked, they protected themselves by isolating the city through water-fed canals. Fang is much more modern than other areas so the buildings are more symmetrical, neat, and luxurious. Soldiers in the Fang area ride Serlot, the figure of a giant cat with sharp fangs and a tongue like a snake.


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